The effects of climate change on agriculture are likely to be significant. For example, the number of crops that will be able to be grown will decline due to increased weather events. The effects of climate change on agricultural production will also impact prices. The global economic impact of climate change on agriculture could be as much as 0.8% of the projected GDP in the next century. The most conservative scenario involves mild climate change with little or no impact on crop yields and prices.
Agricultural producers will need to adapt to these changes to avoid economic shocks. Adaptive technologies and practices are currently available, but the future may require new strategies. As a result, the agricultural sector must find new ways to build resilience to climate change, including new technologies and institutions. However, the impact of climate change on agriculture is very uncertain. The first step is to recognize the effects of the effects on agriculture. Adaptation can improve productivity and profitability.
However, the effect on crops will depend on the expected degree of warming. In mid-latitudes, higher temperatures are predicted to increase the productivity of crops, and Similarly, higher temperatures in low-latitudes will reduce the yield of crops. The impact on agriculture will depend on what kind of crops are grown, whether the crop is cultivated, non-cultivated, or even a nut. However, higher temperatures are likely to increase the costs of producing crops.
The long-term mean changes in climate are likely to be significant for global food production, although it is difficult to predict future climatic conditions. However, short-term changes in year-to-year variability and extreme weather events may pose more significant risks to food security. In recent years, rainfall in the upper reaches of the Nile in Egypt and the Ethiopian Highlands has been reported to have declined by almost 10%, which is a considerable decline.